Education and ICT sector is comprised of the Early Child Education, Adult and Continuing Education, Youth Training and the County Education Board in the county. This is a key sector for the success and development of Trans Nzoia County given the vital role the human capital plays in the development of a region.
It is on this premises that the county must carefully nurture its human resource capital to achieve the desired development in the next 5 years and beyond. Currently there are 761 ECD centres, 483 primary schools, 169 secondary schools (151 public and 18 private), 14 youth polytechnics, 4 campuses of universities (University of Nairobi, Jomo Kenyatta University of Agriculture and Technology, Mt. Kenya University and Moi University) in Trans Nzoia county. In addition there is one technical institute and one teachers college.
As at the end of 2012, the number of pupils in the Early Childhood Development Centres (ECD) was 36,185 with 956 teachers. At the start of 2014, the County had 813 ECD centres with 478 centres being public and 335 centres being private. The teacher pupil ratio was 1:38. The schools are both public and private.
There are 525 primary schools in the County of which, 336 are public schools and189 are private schools. The County has 220,019 pupils enrolled in its primary schools. Out of these 109,477 constituting 49.7 percent are boys and 110,542 constituting 50.3 percent are girls with 4,559 teachers.
The teacher to pupil ratio is 1:48 which is above the recommended ratio of 1:40. The dropout rate is 22percent The county has 178 secondary schools of which 163 are public and 15 are private. The enrollment is 44,734 of which 23,753 are boys and 20,981are girls. Teachers are 999 and the teacher pupil ratio is 1:45 which is above the Ministry of Education recommended range of 1:40 and a transition rate of 52.7 percent.
Under higher education, the country has witnessed an explosive expansion of university education in the last few years especially in the area of opening new campuses across the country.
The county has benefited from this expansion and to date the Universities of Nairobi, Mt. Kenya, Jomo Kenyatta University of Agriculture and Technology and Moi University have opened campuses. In addition there is Kitale Technical Training Institute and Nzoia Teachers Training College.
Education and ICT Sector Strategic Objectives:
The sector mission is to provide quality education, training and research for empowerment of individuals to become competent and responsible citizens who meet the global labour market demands. To deliver on this mission, the sector has developed the following strategic objectives;
• To reduce the rate of school dropouts in the county
• To improve school infrastructural facilities
• To improve performance in national examinations
• To enhance access to information technology
In the education and ICT sector, the interventions proposed include;
• Enhance the capacity of existing ECDE and county polytechnics to offer quality education.
• Construct/rehabilitate more classrooms in existing schools and other infrastructural facilities • Establishment and equipping of vocational training centres and middle level colleges • Establish ICT connectivity in the county through connection to fiber optic cable; Develop ICT parks and ICT resource centers
• Ensure the implementation of an all-inclusive education policy by removing all barriers to disadvantaged groups;
Key Interventions in the Sector
The proposed programmes and projects for the sector in the plan period 2013-2017 include:
• Establishment of model technical institute,
• ECDE infrastructural development,
• Development of resource centres/ ICT centres,
• Development of infrastructure in vocational training institutions,
• Employment of ECDE teachers and polytechnic instructors,
• Development of modern classrooms in primary and secondary schools,
• Establishment of a county FM radio station,
• Establishment of an education fund for the needy, • Provision of internet connectivity to all County public institutions and
• Procurement and distribution of learning and instructional materials.
The Anticipated Sector Outputs
By the end of plan period it is envisaged that:
• One model technical institute will have been established,
• Three classrooms in every public primary schools would have been Constructed
• Procurement of learning and instructional materials for 500 ECD centres,
• The teacher student ratio will be reduced to 1:40 and 1:35 per school at the primary and secondary levels respectively.
• 50 County polytechnics would have been established (two per ward).
• The County FM radio station will be operational
• A well managed and functional Elimu Bursary Fund
• Five information resource centres will have been established.
The Anticipated Outcomes/Impacts
• Increased vocational/enterprenual skills from technical institutions
• Increased enrolment and retention in primary schools
• Enhanced aid to teaching
• Increased access to technical/vocational institutions.
• Increased number of needy students accessing bursary
• Increased awareness/participation by wananchi on development matters through county FM radio station